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Introducing our strategy

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Introduction

The draft 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS, the draft strategy) is the first to be developed under a strengthened Federal Sustainable Development Act (the Act). Taking a whole-of-government approach, it sets out Government of Canada sustainable development goals, targets, milestones and implementation strategies from an environmental perspective. Unless stated otherwise, information in the draft strategy is current as of February 1, 2022.

The draft 2022 to 2026 strategy supports Canada’s efforts to advance the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. With the 17 SDGs as its frame, the draft strategy shows what the Government of Canada will do over the next 4 years to support the environmental aspects of the SDGs.

Message from the Minister

I am pleased to share the draft 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy for your input and ideas.

This draft strategy is important in many ways. It is the first to be developed under the strengthened Federal Sustainable Development Act, which reflects a higher level of ambition, raises the bar for transparent and accountable sustainable development decision making, and has expanded the number of participating federal organizations from 28 to 99. It is also the first draft strategy to be produced since we announced our commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40 to 45% below 2005 levels by 2030, and to halt and reverse nature loss in Canada by 2030.

The draft strategy brings together priorities and actions from across government to advance sustainable development in Canada. It outlines targets and measures to ensure the future we want for our children and our grandchildren, with a focus on the environmental aspects of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It shows how 99 organizations across the federal government will work together to promote a clean environment and tackle the crises of climate change and biodiversity loss, all while growing our economy and making sure that no one is left behind. It also shows how the Government of Canada is leading by example by transitioning to net-zero carbon and climate-resilient operations by 2050.

The Federal Sustainable Development Strategy is informed by principles outlined in the strengthened Act. These principles shape the strategy and give it direction. They include recognizing that sustainable development is a concept that continuously evolves in response to new and emerging issues. The draft strategy also reflects the principle of intergenerational equity, or the ability of present generations to meet their needs without comprising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. And it supports openness and transparency and a results and delivery approach. This means bringing federal environmental sustainability targets across all 17 Sustainable Development Goals together in one place, and requiring all of the strategy’s targets to be specific and measurable, with clearly identified indicators, time frames, and baselines for future reporting.

Now is a critical time. In the face of a global pandemic, unprecedented biodiversity loss, extreme climate events affecting Canadians from coast to coast to coast, and a worldwide shift to a clean economy, solving the interrelated environmental, social and economic challenges of sustainable development has never been more important. The Government of Canada’s commitment to achieving sustainable development is reflected in this draft strategy and in Moving Forward Together: Canada’s 2030 Agenda National Strategy. By focusing on the environmental aspects of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, this draft strategy complements the actions of federal organizations to advance all 3 pillars of sustainable development in the United Nations 2030 Agenda.

The draft 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy is part of an ongoing conversation, and your perspectives will help shape and improve our strategy. This is your chance to have your say and help inform the government’s approach to sustainable development, making it even bolder and more ambitious.

Much work to advance sustainable development is underway, but much will change as the government defines new directions. The draft strategy will be refined in the coming months to reflect the full range of the government’s sustainable development commitments, including those set out in ministerial mandate letters.

I look forward to hearing your thoughts and ideas over the next 4 months as we finalize the 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy and table it in Parliament. I also look forward to continuing the conversation in the coming years as we continue to take action for a cleaner, greener, and more resilient Canada.

The Honourable Steven Guilbeault, P.C., M.P.

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Executive summary and target overview

The draft 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy: what’s new

  • A strengthened Federal Sustainable Development Act that promotes a broader view of sustainable development, supports a whole-of-government approach and introduces new requirements to ensure transparency and accountability
  • A new frame for the draft strategy based on the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with a focus on the environmental aspects
  • 99 federal organizations will play a role in achieving the draft strategy’s goals and targets
  • All targets are specific and measurable, include a time frame, identify one or more ministers responsible for achieving them, and are consistent with the principles set out in the Act.
  • “Where the Government of Canada is going” sections in each chapter show how new commitments and priorities will advance the environmental aspects of the SDGs
  • Call-out boxes in each chapter highlight how environmental sustainability issues affect diverse communities in Canada, including Indigenous peoples
  • Although a domestic strategy, each chapter makes links to corresponding environmental targets in the 2030 Agenda’s Global Indicator Framework

The draft 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS, the draft strategy) sets out the Government of Canada’s sustainable development goals and targets and outlines implementation strategies and short-term milestones for achieving them, from an environmental perspective. It provides a whole-of-government view, bringing programs, priorities and actions to advance sustainable development together in one place. This draft strategy is the first step in establishing the Government of Canada’s environmental sustainability plan for the next 4 years. New commitments that are currently being defined will be reflected in the final strategy following public consultation.

While this draft will become the fifth Federal Sustainable Development Strategy, it is the first to be developed under an amended Federal Sustainable Development Act (the Act), improving accountability through time-bound targets and milestones as well as whole-of government participation across 99 federal organizations.

It is also the first draft strategy oriented toward the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations 2030 Agenda, with a focus on their environmental aspects. The Government of Canada has committed to work with all partners to accelerate progress on the 17 SDGs in Canada and contribute to their achievement internationally.

Framing the draft strategy around the 17 SDGs supports a unified approach to sustainable development within the Government of Canada and shows how the strategy’s targets, milestones and actions contribute to advancing the SDGs. It also responds to past recommendations from parliamentarians, the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development and Canadians, and ensures that the draft strategy respects Canada’s domestic and international sustainable development obligations, as outlined in the Act.

The draft 2022 to 2026 strategy complements actions of federal organizations to advance the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by committing to environmentally focused goals, targets, and milestones supported by indicators to measure their progress, and contributes to implementing Moving Forward Together: Canada’s 2030 Agenda National Strategy. Each chapter is influenced by the Agenda 2030 Global Indicator Framework or the 2030 National Strategy’s Canadian Indicator Framework.

The draft strategy shows the complex interrelationships between the environment and economic and social dimensions of sustainable development, including issues such as poverty, education, and gender equality. It touches on themes that cut across the environmental aspects of social and economic SDGs, such as sustainable food production, enhancing food security in Indigenous and northern communities, promoting gender equality in the clean technology sector, and financing low-carbon, climate-resilient development in low and middle-income countries.

Public comments will help shape the final version of the strategy and ensure that its targets, milestones, and actions reflect the priorities of Canadians. Your comments will strengthen the strategy and help inform the Government of Canada’s sustainable development priorities.

We also invite you to show us what a sustainable Canada looks like by entering our photo contest. Winning submissions will be featured in the final 2022 to 2026 FSDS and the photographer(s) will be profiled in the strategy.

Comments on the draft strategy will be accepted until July 9, 2022. The final 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy will take into account these comments and reflect new and evolving Government of Canada priorities. We will also continue the conversation after the strategy is tabled in Parliament. Three years later, keep an eye out for a report on progress of the strategy’s goals, targets and milestones. You can also follow annually what actions federal organizations are taking to support the strategy’s goals and/or targets by looking at their departmental sustainable development strategies and reports that are tabled in Parliament.

Federal Sustainable Development Strategy: Target overview

The 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS) sets out 50 specific and measurable targets for the Government of Canada. These targets are aligned with the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), from an environmental perspective.

Sustainable Development Goal

Target theme

FSDS target

SDG 1: No poverty

Emergency management and disaster risk reduction

Awareness of disaster risks

By March 2023, 55% of Canadians are aware of disaster risks facing their household (Minister of Public Safety; Minister of Emergency Preparedness)

SDG 2: Zero hunger

Sustainable food systems

Sustainable aquaculture

By 2026, maintain 90% compliance with Fisheries Act regulations related to aquaculture (Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard)

SDG 2: Zero hunger

Sustainable food systems

Sustainable agriculture

By 2030, support improvement in the environmental performance of the agriculture sector by achieving a score of 71 or higher for the Index of Agri-Environmental Sustainability (Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food)

SDG 3: Good health and well-being

Air quality

Air quality

Increase the percentage of the population living in areas where air pollutant concentrations are less than or equal to the Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards from 60% in 2005 to 85% in 2030 (Minister of Environment and Climate Change; Minister of Health)

SDG 3: Good health and well-being

Sound management of chemicals and contaminated sites

Chemicals Management Plan

By 2024, 100% of the 4,363 existing chemicals that were prioritized under the Chemicals Management Plan have been addressed (Minister of the Environment and Climate Change; Minister of Health)

SDG 3: Good health and well-being

Sound management of chemicals and contaminated sites

Contaminated sites

By March 31, 2025, 60% of Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan eligible sites are closed or in long-term monitoring (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 4: Quality education

Sustainable development information

Climate information

By 2026, increase the number of Canadians accessing climate information through the Canadian Centre for Climate Services from a baseline of 200,815 visits to the portals in 2021 (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 4: Quality education

Sustainable development information

Environmental sustainability information

By 2026, increase the annual number of Canadians accessing environmental sustainability information through the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators website, and through the Canadian Indicator Framework portal, to 260,000 visits from a baseline of 239,188 visits in 2020 (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 4: Quality education

Sustainable development research

Average Relative Citation in natural sciences, engineering, and life sciences

Increase Canada's ranking for Average Relative Citation in natural sciences, engineering, and life sciences to the top 10 of OECD countries by 2025 (Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry)

SDG 4: Quality education

Training and skills in sustainable development

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics graduates

175,000 students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) graduate in Canada by December 2025 (Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry)

SDG 5: Gender equality

Women's participation in the environmental and clean technology sector

Women in clean technology

By 2026, increase the number of women employed in the clean technology sector from a baseline of 86,694 in 2019 (Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry)

SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation

Clean and safe water

Great Lakes Areas of Concern

By 2026, complete all actions required to restore 6 Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation

Clean and safe water

Great Lakes objectives

By 2026, report on all 9 objectives to be achieved for the Great Lakes (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation

Clean and safe water

Restoration and Protection of lakes and rivers

By 2027, action plans are in place to advance restoration and protection of major lakes and rivers in Canada (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation

Clean and safe water

Wastewater effluent quality on reserve

By March 2030, 85% of wastewater systems on reserve achieve effluent quality standards (Minister of Indigenous Services)

SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation

Clean and safe water

Wastewater effluent

By December 2040, 100% of wastewater systems achieve effluent quality standards (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 7: Affordable and clean energy

Renewable and non-emitting sources of electricity

Clean power generation

By 2030, 90%, and in the long term 100% of Canada's electricity is generated from renewable and non-emitting sources (Minister of Natural Resources)

SDG 7: Affordable and clean energy

Renewable and non-emitting sources of electricity

Net-zero clean electricity grid

Consult on the development of a Clean Electricity Standard to achieve a net-zero clean electricity grid by 2035 and achieve a 100% net-zero emitting electricity future (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 7: Affordable and clean energy

Energy efficiency

Energy efficiency

By 2030, 600 petajoules of total annual energy savings will be achieved as a result of adoption of energy efficiency codes, standards and practices from a baseline savings of 20.0 petajoules in 2017 to 2018 (Minister of Natural Resources)

SDG 7: Affordable and clean energy

Clean fuels

Clean fuels

By 2030, grow the production and use of clean fuels while continually reducing life-cycle carbon intensity over the long term (Minister of Natural Resources)

SDG 8: Decent work and economic growth

Green jobs

Clean technology employment

Achieve 8% growth in jobs in the clean tech products sector by March 31, 2024 (Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry)

SDG 8: Decent work and economic growth

Green jobs

Clean technology commercialization

Between 2022 and 2026, 30% of all Sustainable Development Technology Canada's SD Tech Fund-supported technologies are commercialized annually (Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry)

SDG 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure

Green infrastructure and innovation

Low-carbon recharging and refueling stations for transport corridors and metropolitan centres

By March 31, 2024, 1,000 electric vehicle chargers, 22 natural gas stations, and 15 hydrogen stations along major highways, freight corridors and key metropolitan centres are completed (Minister of Natural Resources)

SDG 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure

Green infrastructure and innovation

Low-carbon recharging and refueling stations for local day-to-day use

By March 31, 2026, 33,500 new electric vehicle chargers in public places, on-street, at apartment buildings, retail outlets and the workplace, as well as 10 new hydrogen stations are completed (Minister of Natural Resources)

SDG 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure

Green infrastructure and innovation

Investment in green infrastructure

By fiscal year 2027 to 2028, the federal share of the value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Invest in Canada plan will reach $26.9 billion (Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities)

SDG 10: Reduced inequalities

Taking action on inequality

Drinking water reporting

Between 2022 and 2026, continue to annually report to Canadians on access to clean drinking water in First Nations communities through Indigenous Services Canada's departmental website as data becomes available (Minister of Indigenous Services)

SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities

Public transit and active transportation

Public transit and active transportation

By 2030, 22% of commuters use public transit or active transportation (Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities)

SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities

Green spaces, cultural and natural heritage

National urban parks

Establish a new National Urban Parks policy and designate national urban parks as part of a network, with a target of 15 new national urban parks by 2030 (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities

Green spaces, cultural and natural heritage

Visits to Parks Canada heritage places

By 2026, maintain or increase the number of Canadians that get out into nature, relative to the 2018 to 2019 baseline (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities

Green spaces, cultural and natural heritage

Visits to National Wildlife Areas

By March 31, 2022, increase annual visitation to the 10 national wildlife areas that are part of the Connecting Canadians to Nature Initiative by 25%, from a baseline of 220,050 in 2015 when the program was launched (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production

Waste management

Waste reduction

Reduce the amount of waste Canadians send to disposal from a baseline of 699 kilograms per person in 2014 to 490 kilograms per person by 2030 (a 30% reduction); and to 350 kilograms per person by 2040 (a 50% reduction) (Minister of Environment and Climate Change, as federal lead in the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment)

SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production

Waste management

Plastic packaging

Plastic packaging in Canada contains at least 50% recycled content by 2030, where feasible (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production

Waste management

Single-use plastic

By 2032, reduce single-use plastics that are found in the environment, are not recycled, and have readily available alternatives (for example, check-out bags) entering the waste stream by 4% and entering the environment as pollution by 7% (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production

Zero-emission vehicles

Zero-emission vehicles (light-duty)

100% of new light-duty vehicle sales are required to be zero-emission vehicles by 2035, with an interim sales target of at least 50% by 2030 (Minister of Transport; Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production

Zero-emission vehicles

Zero-emission vehicles (medium- and heavy-duty)

100% of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles sales are zero emission by 2040, where feasible (Minister of Transport; Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 13: Climate action

Climate change mitigation and adaptation

Canada's greenhouse gas emissions

Achieve 40 to 45% greenhouse gas emission reductions below 2005 levels by 2030, and achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 13: Climate action

Climate change mitigation and adaptation

Black carbon emissions

Achieve a 25% reduction in national black carbon emissions by 2025, compared to 2013 levels (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 13: Climate action

Federal leadership on greenhouse gas emissions reductions and climate resilience

Net-zero carbon and climate-resilient operations

The Government of Canada will transition to net-zero carbon and climate-resilient operations by 2050 (President of the Treasury Board of Canada)

SDG 14: Life below water

Ocean protection and conservation

Marine conservation

Conserve 25% of marine and coastal areas by 2025, and 30% by 2030, from 13.8% recognized as conserved as of the end of 2020 in support of the commitment to work to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030 in Canada, and achieve a full recovery for nature by 2050 (Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard)

SDG 14: Life below water

Ocean sustainability

Sustainable fisheries

By 2026, at least 55% of Canada's key fish stocks are in the Cautious and Healthy zone (Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and Canadian Coast Guard)

SDG 15: Life on land

Conservation of land and fresh water

Terrestrial ecosystem conservation

Conserve 25% of Canada's land and inland waters by 2025, working toward 30% by 2030, from 12.5% recognized as conserved as of the end of 2020 in support of the commitment to work to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030 in Canada, and achieve a full recovery for nature by 2050 (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 15: Life on land

Conservation of land and fresh water

National parks and national marine conservation areas

By 2027, establish 10 new national parks and 10 new national marine conservation areas (NMCAs), working with Indigenous communities on co-management agreements for these national parks and NMCAs (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 15: Life on land

Conservation of land and fresh water

Sustainable forests

Between 2023 and 2026, maintain Canada's annual timber harvest at or below sustainable wood supply levels (Minister of Natural Resources)

SDG 15: Life on land

Species protection and recovery

Species at risk population trends

By 2026, increase the percentage of species at risk listed under federal law that exhibit population trends that are consistent with recovery strategies and management plans to 60%, from a baseline of 42% in 2019 (Minister of Environment and Climate Change; Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard)

SDG 15: Life on land

Species protection and recovery

Status of wild species

By 2026, maintain or improve the proportion of species that are ranked as secure that remain secure or apparently secure from a baseline of 80% in 2015 (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 15: Life on land

Species protection and recovery

Migratory birds

By 2030, increase the percentage of migratory bird species whose population sizes fall within an acceptable range—neither too low nor too high—to 70% from a baseline of 57% in 2016 (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 15: Life on land

Species protection and recovery

Participation of Indigenous peoples

By 2030, Indigenous peoples participate in 90% of migratory bird monitoring and research projects (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions

Effective institutions for promoting compliance with environmental laws and delivering high-quality impact assessments

Environmental and wildlife enforcement

By 2026, maintain the annual percentage of non-compliance with environmental and wildlife laws and regulations that are addressed by enforcement action at 70% (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions

Effective institutions for promoting compliance with environmental laws and delivering high-quality impact assessments

Environmental Damages Fund

By March 31, 2026, restore and/or enhance a total of 5,000 hectares of natural environment through Environmental Damages Fund projects, from a baseline of 568 hectares in 2018 (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

SDG 17: Partnerships for the goals

Environmental partnerships

Climate finance

Implement Canada's climate finance commitment of $5.3 billion over 5 years, with at least 40% of funding going toward climate adaptation and at least 20% to projects that leverage nature-based climate solutions and projects that contribute biodiversity co-benefits (Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

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Annexes

Annex 1: About the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy

The Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS, the strategy) sets out our sustainable development priorities, establishes goals and targets, and identifies actions to achieve them. Actions to implement the strategy will support the environmental aspects of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Legislative basis

The  Federal Sustainable Development Act (the Act) establishes the requirement to table the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy. Its purpose is to provide the legal framework for developing and implementing a strategy that will:

  • make decision making related to sustainable development more transparent and subject to accountability to Parliament
  • promote coordinated action across the Government of Canada to advance sustainable development
  • respect Canada’s domestic and international obligations relating to sustainable development

The Act requires the Minister of Environment and Climate Change to table and report on a whole-of-government strategy at least once in each 3-year period. Recent amendments to the Act came into force on December 1, 2020.

History of the strategy

The 1987 Brundtland Report to the World Commission on Environment and Development introduced the concept of sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” In response, in 1995 the Government of Canada introduced amendments to the Auditor General Act requiring federal departments and agencies to create their own individual sustainable development strategies. These amendments also established the office of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development (the Commissioner). The Commissioner later identified several weaknesses in this system, including the lack of a coherent, overarching federal strategy, stating it was like trying to put together a puzzle with no picture on the box.

In 2008, a more effective approach was enacted when the Act was passed and came into force. The Act provides the legal framework for the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy. At that time, it also tasked 28 departments and agencies with preparing their own departmental sustainable development strategies (DSDSs) that comply with and contribute to the strategy. The 2008 Act also introduced a requirement to consult Canadians on each new Federal Sustainable Development Strategy. Four federal sustainable development strategies were tabled under the 2008 Act (2010 to 2013, 2013 to 2016, 2016 to 2019 and 2019 to 2022).

In 2016, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development conducted a review of the Act and issued a report containing 13 recommendations. The committee’s recommendations identified issues concerning, among other things, the scope of the Act, the need for a whole-of-government approach, and a need for greater transparency and accountability in the development and implementation of sustainable development strategies.

The government responded to the committee’s recommendations with the 2017 Bill C-57, An Act to Amend the Federal Sustainable Development Act, which came into force on December 1, 2020. The amended Act provides greater flexibility in presenting the view of sustainable development to encompass environmental, economic, and social aspects. It also provides for a whole-of-government approach by increasing the number of federal organizations required to contribute to and report on the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy from 28 to more than 95.

The amended Act also includes mechanisms to make sustainable development decision making more transparent and accountable, including a requirement that targets be measurable and include a time frame, and that departmental sustainable development strategies must be tabled in Parliament and referred to the Senate and House committees that deal with matters relating to sustainable development. The draft 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy is the first to be prepared under the amended Act.

Roles and responsibilities

Environment and Climate Change Canada has a key role in implementing the Act. It houses the Sustainable Development Office (SDO), which is responsible for coordinating the development of the strategy. The SDO is also responsible for developing and maintaining systems and procedures to monitor progress on implementation of the strategy, and for preparing Federal Sustainable Development Strategy progress reports at least once every 3-year period.

Sustainable development cuts across many departmental and agency mandates. The Act reflects this, requiring federal organizations named in Schedule I, I.1 and II of the Financial Administration Act (more than 95 in total) to prepare and report on sustainable development strategies that support the implementation of the goals of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy. It also provides for including other federal organizations that wish to participate in the strategy, such as Crown corporations, through an Order in Council. Two such organizations, the National Capital Commission and The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc., are now included in the Act.

The role of departments and agencies also includes:

  • working collaboratively with Environment and Climate Change Canada to develop the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy and progress reports within every 3-year period
  • integrating environmental and sustainable development considerations into policy, plan and program development through strategic environmental assessments

The role of public consultation

Public consultation is an important part of Federal Sustainable Development Strategy development under the Act. Each draft strategy must undergo a public consultation period of at least 120 days before it is finalized. As part of public consultation, the Minister of Environment and Climate Change provides the draft Federal Sustainable Development Strategy to:

  • the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development
  • the Sustainable Development Advisory Council (a multi-stakeholder advisory body consisting of 13 members of the Canadian public that represent the views of different provinces and territories, 6 representatives of Indigenous peoples and 3 from each of the following: environmental non-governmental organizations, business organizations, and organizations representative of labour)
  • the appropriate committee of each House of Parliament
  • the public

Consultation results inform the final strategy and are summarized in a publicly-available report.

The structure of the strategy

The draft 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy is organized around the UN 2030 Agenda 17 Sustainable Development Goals from an environmental perspective, acknowledging Canada’s unique responsibilities and circumstances.

One or more targets contribute to each goal. Under the Act, targets must:

  • be specific and measurable
  • include a time frame
  • identify one or more responsible ministers
  • be consistent with the Act’s principles

To the extent possible, targets should also:

  • take a medium-term view (5 to 10 years)
  • fall within federal jurisdiction
  • align with federal priorities
  • be supported by indicators that accurately represent the target and allow for comparison over time
  • have a clear connection to a Sustainable Development Goal, as viewed through an environmental lens

Short-term milestones complement the strategy’s targets. They represent interim steps that will help ensure the Government of Canada stays on track to achieve its longer-term objectives. In general, short-term milestones should be achievable within one Federal Sustainable Development Strategy cycle. To the extent possible, milestones should:

  • be specific and measurable
  • include a timeframe
  • take a short-term view (within one FSDS cycle)
  • have a clear connection to one or more FSDS targets or to a Sustainable Development Goal

Implementation strategies set out what the Government of Canada will do to achieve its goals and targets. They describe the actions that federal organizations are committed to taking to make progress toward the strategy’s goals and targets. To the extent possible, implementation strategies should:

  • be written in plain, high-level language
  • be broad and inclusive to allow for linkages with specific departmental actions
  • reflect actions the Government of Canada is taking or plans to take during the FSDS cycle
  • have a clear connection to one or more FSDS targets or to a Sustainable Development Goal

Implementation strategies set out in the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy are complemented by specific commitments in departmental sustainable development strategies. Departmental strategies, which must be tabled within one year of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy tabling date, will include actions and performance measures that contribute to the strategy’s implementation strategies.

While provinces and territories, Indigenous peoples, businesses, the scientific community, non-governmental organizations and Canadian citizens contribute to achieving environmental outcomes and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda, only federal actions are included in the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy.

Annex 2: Performance measurement

Performance measurement is an essential part of the Government of Canada’s sustainable development approach. The government tracks and reports on sustainable development actions and results through:

  • triennial Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS) progress reports
  • annual reporting on departmental sustainable development strategies (DSDSs)
  • the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators (CESI)
  • annual updates to departmental web pages

Fsds progress reports

The Federal Sustainable Development Act requires the Minister of Environment and Climate Change to table a Federal Sustainable Development Strategy progress report at least once every 3-year period. These progress reports describe how the government is implementing the strategy and the progress made toward its goals and targets. In response to past recommendations from the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development, a simple dashboard rating system approach helps to ensure that Federal Sustainable Development Strategy progress reports are clear and accessible by using a progress report card.

The Sustainable Development Office (SDO) uses the rating system to assess progress against each target by examining the most recent target-level indicator results achieved during the FSDS cycle to propose an assessment of “achieved”, “underway”, “attention required”, or “no new data available”. The federal organizations whose ministers are responsible for each target are responsible for determining a fair and balanced assessment in consultation with the SDO.

The progress report also describes progress against the strategy’s medium-term targets by using additional reporting on contextual indicators and short-term milestones. In some cases, the report notes where activity to date may constitute a newly-set baseline against which future progress will be measured. Progress reports are a snapshot in time that should be read in tandem with departmental reporting on departmental sustainable development strategies.

While Federal Sustainable Development Strategy progress reports provide important information on environmental outcomes, it is important to note that responsibility for the environment and sustainable development is shared, and that the Government of Canada supports sustainable development within the constraints of federal jurisdiction and authorities. As a result, in some instances it can be difficult to directly link federal actions to specific outcomes.

Departmental sustainable development strategies

DSDSs provide detailed information on what individual departments and agencies are doing to help meet the aspirational goals and/or targets of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy. Within one year after the 2022 to 2026 strategy is tabled in Parliament, taking into account Canadians’ comments and ideas, participating federal organizations will develop DSDSs that support the implementation of the goals and/or targets of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy.

DSDSs include:

  • the department’s sustainable development vision
  • specific departmental sustainability commitments and actions
  • performance indicators that show how departments are meeting their commitments
  • information on departmental decision making and sustainable development practices, including implementation of strategic environmental assessments

Federal organizations bound by the Act contribute differently to Federal Sustainable Development Strategy goals and/or targets depending on their mandate; however, all are responsible for contributing to the greening government content.

Indicators

A number of the indicators that will be used to measure and report on progress are drawn from the CESI program, which provides a wide range of indicators for public availability. The program selects indicators using the following criteria:

  • policy relevance (represents the FSDS goals and targets)
  • utility (meets the needs of decision makers and the public)
  • soundness (provides consistent and solid methodology; comparable over time)
  • data availability and integrity (uses existing high-quality data with adequate coverage)

The CESI program produces indicators with the support of programs within Environment and Climate Change Canada and other federal departments and agencies, including Health Canada, Statistics Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Parks Canada, Transport Canada and Fisheries and Oceans Canada, as well as provincial and territorial governments.

In addition to the indicators drawn from the CESI program, indicators are sourced from reporting structures used in the departmental planning and reporting cycle of contributing federal organizations, as well as from surveys conducted on a regular or semi-regular basis.

The following table lays out the performance measurement framework to be used for reporting and assessing progress on the targets of the strategy. It also details the contextual indicators which are used to provide more information in progress reporting about issues related to the goals and targets of the strategy. Indicators that can also be found in the Canadian Indicator Framework have been marked with: *.

SDG 1: No poverty

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

By March 2023, 55% of Canadians are aware of disaster risks facing their household

Percentage of Canadians who are aware of disaster risks facing their household

Public Safety Canada

Every 2 years

Contextual

Emergency geomatics services provided to Canadians

Natural Resources Canada

Annual

Proportion of investments in disaster mitigation by Infrastructure Canada that benefits/targets climate-vulnerable populations

Infrastructure Canada

To be determined

Structural and natural assets

Infrastructure Canada

To be determined

SDG 2: Zero hunger

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

By 2026, maintain 90% compliance with Fisheries Act regulations related to aquaculture

Management of Canadian aquaculture

CESI

Annual

Target

By 2030, support improvement in the environmental performance of the agriculture sector by achieving a score of 71 or higher for the Index of Agri-Environmental Sustainability

Index of Agri-Environmental Sustainability for water, soil, air and biodiversity *

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Every 5 years

Contextual

Greenhouse gas emissions by economic sector – agriculture

CESI

Annual

Land-use change

CESI

Every 5 years

Wildlife habitat capacity on agricultural land

CESI

Every 5 years

SDG 3: Good health and well-being

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

Increase the percentage of the population living in areas where air pollutant concentrations are less than or equal to the Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards from 60% in 2005 to 85% in 2030

Population exposure to outdoor air pollutants *

CESI

Annual

Target

By 2024, 100% of the 4,363 existing chemicals that were prioritized under the Chemicals Management Plan have been addressed

Existing chemicals addressed under the Chemical Management Plan

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

To be determined

Target

By March 31, 2025, 60% of Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan eligible sites are closed or in long-term monitoring

Number of Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan eligible sites that are closed or in long-term monitoring

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Annual

Contextual

Air quality

CESI

Annual

Emissions of harmful substances to air

CESI

Annual

Household use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers

CESI

Every 2 years

Human exposure to harmful substances

CESI

Every 3 years

Releases of harmful substances to water

CESI

Annual

SDG 4: Quality education

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

By 2026, increase the number of Canadians accessing climate information through the Canadian Centre for Climate Services from a baseline of 200,815 visits to the portals in 2021

Number of clients accessing climate information through Canadian Centre for Climate Services’ Climate Information Portals

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Annual

Target

By 2026, increase the annual number of Canadians accessing environmental sustainability information through the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators website, and through the Canadian Indicator Framework portal, to 260,000 visits from a baseline of 239,188 visits in 2020

Number of Canadians accessing environmental sustainability information through the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators website and the Canadian Indicator Framework portal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Statistics Canada

Annual

Target

Increase Canada's ranking for Average Relative Citation in natural sciences, engineering, and life sciences to the top 10 of OECD countries by 2025

Canada's ranking for Average Relative Citation in natural sciences, engineering, and life sciences

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

To be determined

Target

175,000 students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) graduate in Canada by December 2025

Number of science, technology, engineering and mathematics graduates in Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Annual

Contextual

Funding invested in research related to the environment and sustainable development

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Annual

Ground-based infrastructure to receive earth observation data to monitor climate action

Natural Resources Canada

To be determined

Number of international data partnerships and engagements that support decision making on sustainable development

Natural Resources Canada

Annual

SDG 5: Gender equality

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

By 2026, increase the number of women employed in the clean technology sector from a baseline of 86,694 in 2019

Number of women working in the clean technology sector

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Annual

Contextual

Persistence and representation of women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) programs

Statistics Canada

Occasional

Proportion of leadership roles held by women *

Statistics Canada

Occasional

Number of female farm operators in Canada

Statistics Canada

Every 5 years

Number of individuals with an enhanced awareness and/or knowledge and/or skills to promote women’s participation and leadership in public life

Global Affairs Canada

Annual

Number of people newly-employed in the environment sector, including in technical, supervisory and management roles supported by Global Affairs Canada programming

Global Affairs Canada

Annual

Percentage of bilateral international development assistance investments that either target or integrate gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls

Global Affairs Canada

Annual

SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

By 2026, complete all actions required to restore 6 Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes

Number of actions taken to restore 6 Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

Target

By 2026, report on all 9 objectives to be achieved for the Great Lakes

Reporting on 9 objectives to be achieved for the Great Lakes

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

Target

By 2027, action plans are in place to advance restoration and protection of major lakes and rivers in Canada

Number of action plans to advance restoration and protection of major lakes and rivers

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

Target

By March 2030, 85% of wastewater systems on reserve achieve effluent quality standards

Percentage of wastewater systems on reserve where effluent quality standards are achieved

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

Target

By December 2040, 100% of wastewater systems achieve effluent quality standards

Percentage of wastewater systems where effluent quality standards are achieved

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

Contextual

Drinking water advisories

CESI

Every 2 years

Metal and diamond mining effluent quality

CESI

Annual

Pulp and paper effluent quality

CESI

Annual

Water quality in Canadian rivers *

CESI

Annual

Water quantity in Canadian rivers

CESI

Every 2 years

Sustainable water use indicator in development

CESI

To be determined

SDG 7: Affordable and clean energy

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

By 2030, 90%, and in the long term 100% of Canada's electricity is generated from renewable and non-emitting sources

Proportion of electricity generated from renewable and non-greenhouse gas-emitting sources *

Natural Resources Canada

Annual

Target

Consult on the development of a Clean Electricity Standard to achieve a net-zero clean electricity grid by 2035 and achieve a 100% net-zero emitting electricity future

In development

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

Target

By 2030, 600 petajoules of total annual energy savings will be achieved as a result of adoption of energy efficiency codes, standards and practices from a baseline savings of 20.0 petajoules in 2017 to 2018

Total annual energy savings resulting from adoption of energy efficiency codes, standards and practices *

Natural Resources Canada

Annual

Target

By 2030, grow the production and use of clean fuels while continually reducing life-cycle carbon intensity over the long-term

The proportion of Canada’s energy demand met by clean fuels and the carbon intensity of those fuels.

Natural Resources Canada

To be determined

Contextual

Number of projects funded to support First Nation, Inuit and the Métis Nation’s capacity and readiness

Indigenous Services Canada

To be determined

SDG 8: Decent work and economic growth

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

Achieve 8% growth in jobs in the clean tech products sector by March 31, 2024

Jobs in the clean technology products sector *

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Annual

Target

Between 2022 and 2026, 30% of all Sustainable Development Technology Canada’s SD Tech Fund-supported technologies are commercialized annually

Percentage of SD Tech Fund-supported technologies commercialized (revenue derived from project technology)

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Every 2 years

Contextual

Environmental and clean technology sector compensation

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

To be determined

Environmental and clean technology sector GDP

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

To be determined

Sustainable business practices

Statistics Canada

To be determined

Value of investments leveraged in clean technologies

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Annual

SDG 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

By March 31, 2024, 1,000 electric vehicle chargers, 22 natural gas stations, and 15 hydrogen stations along major highways, freight corridors and key metropolitan centres are completed

Number of low-carbon recharging and refueling stations along major highways, and in rural and urban areas *

Natural Resources Canada

Annual

Target

By March 31, 2026, 33,500 new electric vehicle chargers in public places, on-street, at apartment buildings, retail outlets, and the workplace, as well as 10 new hydrogen stations are completed

Number of low-carbon recharging and refueling stations in public places, on-street, at apartment buildings, retail outlets, and the workplace *

Natural Resources Canada

Annual

Target

By fiscal year 2027 to 2028, the federal share of the value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Invest in Canada plan will reach $26.9 billion

Value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Investing in Canada plan

Infrastructure Canada

Annual

Contextual

Greenhouse gas emissions per dollar of value-added from the production of infrastructure assets

Infrastructure Canada

Annual

SDG 10: Reduced inequalities

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

Between 2022 and 2026, continue to report on an annual basis to Canadians on access to clean drinking water in First Nations communities through Indigenous Services Canada’s departmental website as data becomes available

Reporting on access to clean drinking water in First Nations communities

Indigenous Services Canada

To be determined

Contextual

Percentage of Indigenous peoples engaged with Environment and Climate Change Canada through conservation activities who indicate that the engagement was meaningful

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Annual

SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

By 2030, 22% of commuters use public transit or active transportation

Population using public transit or active transportation *

Statistics Canada

Every 5 years

Target

Establish a new National Urban Parks policy and designate national urban parks as part of a network, with a target of 15 new national urban parks by 2030

Designation of new national urban parks

Parks Canada

Annual

Target

By 2026, maintain or increase the number of Canadians that get out into nature, relative to the 2018 to 2019 baseline

Number of visits at Parks Canada heritage places

Parks Canada

Annual

Target

By March 31, 2022, increase annual visitation to the 10 national wildlife areas that are part of the Connecting Canadians to Nature Initiative by 25%, from a baseline of 220,050 in 2015 when the program was launched

Number of visits to selected national wildlife areas

Environment and Climate Change

Annual

Contextual

Number of natural heritage places managed cooperatively with Indigenous peoples

Parks Canada

Annual

Population living close to a public transit stop *

Statistics Canada

Occasional

Proximity to neighbourhood parks

Statistics Canada

Every 2 years

Visits to parks and public green spaces

Statistics Canada

Every 2 years

SDG 12: Responsible production and consumption

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

Reduce the amount of waste Canadians send to disposal from a baseline of 699 kilograms per person in 2014 to 490 kilograms per person by 2030 (a 30% reduction); and to 350 kilograms per person by 2040 (a 50% reduction)

Solid waste diversion and disposal

CESI

Every 2 years

Target

Plastic packaging in Canada contains at least 50% recycled content by 2030, where feasible

In development

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

Target

By 2032, reduce single-use plastics that are found in the environment, are not recycled, and have readily available alternatives (for example, checkout bags) entering the waste stream by 4% and entering the environment as pollution by 7%

In development

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

Target

100% of new light-duty vehicle sales are required to be zero-emission vehicles by 2035, with an interim sales target of at least 50% by 2030

Proportion of new light-duty vehicle registrations that are zero-emission vehicles

Transport Canada

To be determined

Target

100% of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles sales are zero emission by 2040, where feasible

Proportion of new medium- and heavy- duty vehicle sales that are zero-emission

Transport Canada

To be determined

Contextual

Percentage of households who use their own bags or containers when grocery shopping

Statistics Canada

Every 2 years

Plastic particles in the Northern Fulmar

CESI

Every 5 years

Total waste diversion *

Statistics Canada

Every 2 years

SDG 13: Climate action

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

Achieve 40 to 45% greenhouse gas emission reductions below 2005 levels by 2030, and achieve net-zero greenhouse emissions by 2050

Greenhouse gas emissions *

CESI

Annual

Greenhouse gas emissions projections

CESI

Annual

Target

Achieve a 25% reduction in national black carbon emissions by 2025, compared to 2013 levels

Black carbon emissions

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Annual

Target

The Government of Canada will transition to net-zero carbon and climate-resilient operations by 2050

Percentage change in energy related greenhouse gas emissions from facilities and conventional fleets relative to fiscal year 2005 to 2006

Centre for Greening

Government

(Treasury Board

of Canada

Secretariat)

Annual

Percentage change in greenhouse gas emissions from national safety and security fleets relative to fiscal year 2005 to 2006

Centre for Greening Government

(Treasury Board

of Canada

Secretariat)

Annual

Contextual

Greenhouse gas concentrations

CESI

Annual

Land-based greenhouse gas emissions and removals

CESI

Annual

Proportion of municipal organization who factored climate change adaptation into decision-making processes *

Infrastructure Canada

Statistics Canada

Occasional

Temperature change in Canada

CESI

Annual

Sea ice in Canada

CESI

Every 2 years

Snow cover

CESI

Every 2 years

Adaptation indicator in development

Statistics Canada

To be determined

Extreme heat indicator in development

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

SDG 14: Life below water

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

Conserve 25% of marine and coastal areas by 2025, and 30% by 2030, from 13.8% recognized as conserved as of the end of 2020 in support of the commitment to work to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030 in Canada, and achieve a full recovery for nature by 2050

Canada's conserved areas *

CESI

Annual

Target

By 2026, at least 55% of Canada’s key fish stocks are in the Cautious and Healthy zone

Status of key fish stocks

CESI

Annual

Sustainable fish harvest *

CESI

Annual

Contextual

Eelgrass in Canada

CESI

Every 3 years

Marine pollution spills

CESI

Every 3 years

Monitoring disposal at sea

CESI

Every 3 years

Shellfish harvest area quality

CESI

Every 2 years

SDG 15: Life on land

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

Conserve 25% of Canada’s land and inland waters by 2025, working toward 30% by 2030, from 12.5% recognized as conserved as of the end of 2020 in support of the commitment to work to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030 in Canada, and achieve a full recovery for nature by 2050

Canada’s conserved areas  *

CESI 

Annual

Target

Establish 10 new national parks and 10 new national marine conservation areas (NMCAs) in the next 5 years, working with Indigenous communities on co-management agreements for these national parks and NMCAs

Establishment of new national parks and national marine conservation areas

Parks Canada

Annual

Target

Between 2023 and 2026, maintain Canada’s annual timber harvest at or below sustainable wood supply levels

Sustainability of timber harvest 

CESI

Annual

Target

By 2026, increase the percentage of species at risk listed under federal law that exhibit population trends that are consistent with recovery strategies and management plans to 60%, from a baseline of 42% in 2019

Species at risk population trends *

CESI

Annual

Target

By 2026, maintain or improve the proportion of species that are ranked as secure that remain secure or apparently secure from a baseline of 80% in 2015

Status of wild species  *

CESI

Every 5 years

Target

By 2030, increase the percentage of migratory bird species whose populations sizes fall within an acceptable range—neither too low nor too high—to 70% from a baseline of 57% in 2016

Population status of Canada’s migratory birds 

CESI

Every 5 years

Target

By 2030, Indigenous peoples participate in 90% of migratory bird monitoring and research projects

Participation of Indigenous peoples in migratory bird monitoring and research projects

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

Contextual

Canadian forest area 

Natural Resources Canada

Annual

Canadian species index 

CESI 

Every 3 years

Changes in the status of wildlife species at risk 

CESI 

Annual

Deforestation and afforestation 

Natural Resources Canada

Annual

Ecological integrity of national parks 

CESI

Annual

Extent of Canada’s wetlands 

CESI

Every 5 years

Trends in Canada's bird populations 

CESI 

Every 5 years

SDG 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

By 2026, maintain the annual percentage of non-compliance with environmental and wildlife laws and regulations that are addressed by enforcement action at 70%

Percentage of non-compliance with environmental and wildlife laws and regulations that are addressed by enforcement action

Environment and Climate Change Canada

To be determined

Target

By March 31, 2026, restore and/or enhance a total of 5,000 hectares of natural environment through Environmental Damages Fund projects, from a baseline of 568 hectares in 2018

Area (in hectares) where natural environments are restored and/or enhanced

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Annual

Contextual

Percentage of Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development audits and evaluations reviewed by parliamentarians

Office of the Auditor General of Canada

To be determined

SDG 17: Partnerships for the goals

Indicator type

Target

Indicator

Source

Update cycle

Target

Implement Canada’s climate finance commitment of $5.3 billion over 5 years, with at least 40% of funding going toward climate adaptation and at least 20% to projects that leverage nature-based climate solutions and projects that contribute biodiversity co-benefits

Delivery of Canada’s climate finance commitment

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Annual

Contextual

Amount of Canadian international assistance that addresses climate change

Global Affairs Canada

Annual

Number of international engagements and commitments that advance Canada’s priorities on environment, climate change and clean technology

Natural Resources Canada

Annual

Annex 3: Responsibilities of federal organizations

The draft 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy includes specific, measurable and time-bound targets linked to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Targets are supported by short-term milestones and implementation strategies. Actions within an implementation strategy may directly contribute to a target or contribute to the broader FSDS goal.

While the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy provides a framework for action across government, specific commitments will be included in departmental sustainable development strategies. Each federal organization included in the Schedule of the Federal Sustainable Development Act is required to prepare its own departmental sustainable development strategy, which must be tabled within one year of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy tabling date. Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Sustainable Development Office provides guidance to support federal organizations in preparing these strategies.

SDG 1: No poverty

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Emergency management and disaster risk reduction

Target

By March 2023, 55% of Canadians are aware of disaster risks facing their household

Minister of Public Safety

Minister of Emergency Preparedness

Action

Conduct research and analysis on emergency preparedness

Natural Resources Canada

Public Safety Canada

Action

Enhance public awareness of preparedness for natural disasters

Public Safety Canada

Action

Provide space-based data for emergency management

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Support emergency preparedness in Indigenous communities

Indigenous Services Canada

Action

Support transboundary climate risk management

Canada Border Service Agency

Action

Work with partners on emergency management and disaster risk reduction

Health Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Infrastructure Canada

Public Safety Canada

Milestone

Issue National Risk Profile reports

Public Safety Canada

SDG 2: Zero hunger

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Sustainable food systems

Target

By 2026, maintain 90% compliance with Fisheries Act regulations related to aquaculture

Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

Target

By 2030, support improvement in the environmental performance of the agriculture sector by achieving a score of 71 or higher for the Index of Agri-Environmental Sustainability

Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food

Action

Enhance Indigenous and northern food security

Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Action

Ensure the resilience of Canada’s food system

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Canada Border Services Agency

Action

Support natural climate solutions in Canada

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Action

Support sustainable agriculture

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Support sustainable aquaculture

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Milestone

Develop a Canadian Agri-Environmental Strategy

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Milestone

Improve the affordability of nutritious food

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Milestone

Increase support through the Northern Isolated Community Initiatives Fund

Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency

Milestone

Promote and support Canadian Agricultural Partnership Policy Framework

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Milestone

Reduce nitrous oxide emissions in the agriculture sector

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Milestone

Support Indigenous self-determination through food cultures and ways of living

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

SDG 3: Good health and well-being

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Air quality

Target

Increase the percentage of the population living in areas where air pollutant concentrations are less than or equal to the Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards from 60% in 2005 to 85% in 2030

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Minister of Health

Action

Develop, administer and enforce measures addressing air pollution

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Transport Canada

Action

Inform Canadians about air quality

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Action

Research the impacts of air pollution

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

National Research Council Canada

Transport Canada

Action

Work with partners to address air quality

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Milestone

Maintain reduced air pollutant emission levels

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Strengthen Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Sound management of chemicals and contaminated sites

Target

By 2024, 100% of the 4,363 existing chemicals that were prioritized under the Chemicals Management Plan have been addressed

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Minister of Health

Target

By March 31, 2025, 60% of Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan eligible sites are closed or in long-term monitoring

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Action

Address contaminated sites

Canada Border Services Agency

Correctional Service Canada

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Health Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

National Capital Commission

National Defence

National Research Council Canada

Parks Canada

Public Service and Procurement Canada

Transport Canada

Action

Assess and manage risks from chemicals

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Action

Continue review of pesticides

Health Canada

Action

Inform and increase understanding of harmful substances

Canada Border Services Agency

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Transport Canada

Action

Work with partners to reduce the risks of harmful substances

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Milestone

Implement the Chemicals Management Plan

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Milestone

Implement the Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan phase IV

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Reduce environmental liability

Environment and Climate Change Canada

SDG 4: Quality education

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Sustainable development information

Target

By 2026, increase the number of Canadians accessing climate information through the Canadian Centre for Climate Services from a baseline of 200,815 visits to the portals in 2021

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

By 2026, increase the number of Canadians accessing environmental sustainability information through the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators website, and through the Canadian Indicator Framework portal, to 260,000 visits from a baseline of 239,188 visits in 2020

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Action

Promote environmental knowledge and data sharing

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Provide information to help consumers make more sustainable choices

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Provide science and knowledge to inform ambitious climate action

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Statistics Canada

Milestone

Implement an environmental marketing campaign

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Roll out the Science Literacy Promotion Initiative

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Sustainable development research

Target

Increase Canada's ranking for Average Relative Citation in natural sciences, engineering, and life sciences to the top 10 of OECD countries by 2025

Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry

Action

Promote better environmental decision making

Statistics Canada

Action

Work with partners on sustainable development research initiatives

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Milestone

Establish the national freshwater data strategy

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Establish the national freshwater science agenda

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Training and skills in sustainable development

Target

175,000 students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) graduate in Canada by December 2025

Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry

Action

Increase the number of young Canadians pursuing skills training or careers in environmental sectors

Employment and Social Development Canada

Action

Support youth skill development in environmental sectors

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Employment and Social Development Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

SDG 5: Gender equality

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Women’s participation in the environmental and clean technology sector

Target

By 2026, increase the number of women employed in the clean technology sector from a baseline of 86,694 in 2019

Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry

Action

Disaggregate data

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Statistics Canada

Action

Invest in women

Indigenous Services Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Action

Support skills and training

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Global Affairs Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Support GBA Plus across the Government of Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Clean and safe water

Target

By 2026, complete all actions required to restore 6 Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

By 2026, report on all 9 objectives to be achieved for the Great Lakes

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

By 2027, action plans are in place to advance restoration and protection of major lakes and rivers in Canada

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

By March 2030, 85% of wastewater systems on reserve achieve effluent quality standards

Minister of Indigenous Services

Target

By December 2040, 100% of wastewater systems achieve effluent quality standards

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Action

Develop knowledge of water-related sustainability in Canada

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Develop knowledge to better understand the St. Lawrence River ecosystem

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Implement the Wastewater S ystem s Effluent Regulations

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Action

Implement water quality and ecosystem partnerships programs

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Work with partners on drinking water quality

Health Canada

Milestone

Create a new Canada Water Agency

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada (lead)

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Complete approved water and wastewater projects

Infrastructure Canada

Milestone

Renew the Freshwater Action Plan

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Reduce risk to public water systems and public wastewater systems on reserve

Indigenous Services Canada

Milestone

Publish the State of the St. Lawrence River report

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Publish the Great Lakes Progress Report of the Parties

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Publish the State of the Great Lakes report

Environment and Climate Change Canada

SDG 7: Affordable and clean energy

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Renewable and non-emitting sources of electricity

Target

By 2030, 90%, and in the long term 100% of Canada's electricity is generated from renewable and non-emitting sources

Minister of Natural Resources

Target

Consult on the development of a Clean Electricity Standard to achieve a net-zero clean electricity grid by 2035 and achieve a 100% net-zero emitting electricity future

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Action

Implement and enforce regulations and legislation

Canada Energy Regulator

Action

Invest in research, development, and demonstration of clean energy technologies

National Research Council Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Play a leading role to promote clean and renewable energy

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Support renewable energy deployment

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Support voluntary action to adopt clean energy technologies

Department of Finance Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Work with partners on clean and renewable energy

Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency

Canada Energy Regulator

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Develop regulations on offshore renewable energy

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Demonstrate and deploy the next generation of smart grids

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Install renewable energy in Indigenous and northern communities

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Provide access to efficient sources of electricity

Infrastructure Canada

Milestone

Support smart renewables

Natural Resources Canada

Energy efficiency

Target

By 2030, 600 petajoules of total annual energy savings will be achieved as a result of adoption of energy efficiency codes, standards and practices from a baseline savings of 20.0 petajoules in 2017 to 2018

Minister of Natural Resources

Action

Develop and implement energy efficiency codes and regulations

National Research Council Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Invest in research, development, and demonstration of energy efficiency technologies

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Support deployment of energy efficiency technologies and practices

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Support voluntary action

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Work with domestic and international partners on energy efficiency

Canada Energy Regulator

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Demonstrate energy-efficient and net-zero energy building technologies

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Promote ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Publish energy efficiency regulations

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Support greener homes

Natural Resources Canada

Clean fuels

Target

By 2030, grow the production and use of clean fuels while continually reducing life-cycle carbon intensity over the long-term

Minister of Natural Resources

Action

Apply clean fuel regulations

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Deliver the Clean Fuels Fund

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Develop and update codes and standards

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Canada Energy Regulator

Action

Invest in research, development, and demonstration of clean fuels

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Work with stakeholders to advance the Hydrogen Strategy for Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Develop clean fuel production facilities

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Develop codes, standards and regulations

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Support biomass supply chains

Natural Resources Canada

SDG 8: Decent work and economic growth

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Green jobs

Target

Achieve 8% growth in jobs in the clean tech products sector by March 31, 2024

Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry

Target

Between 2022 and 2026, 30% of all Sustainable Development Technology Canada’s SD Tech Fund-supported technologies are commercialized annually

Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry

Action

Develop our knowledge of clean technologies

Employment and Social Development Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Support workers, businesses, and communities

Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency

Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency

Economic Development Agency of Canada for Québec Regions

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario

Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Parks Canada

Pacific Economic Development Canada

Prairies Economic Development Canada

SDG 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Green infrastructure and innovation

Target

By March 31, 2024, 1,000 electric vehicle chargers, 22 natural gas stations, and 15 hydrogen stations along major highways, freight corridors and key metropolitan centres are completed

Minister of Natural Resources

Target

By March 31, 2026, 33,500 new electric vehicle chargers in public places, on-street, at apartment buildings, retail outlets, and the workplace, as well as 10 new hydrogen stations are completed

Minister of Natural Resources

Target

By fiscal year 2027 to 2028, the federal share of the value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Invest in Canada plan will reach $26.9 billion

Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities

Action

Attract and scale-up sustainable finance in Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Department of Finance Canada

Action

Develop and implement climate-resilient codes and standards

Infrastructure Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

National Research Council

Standards Council of Canada

Action

Invest in deployment and adoption of clean technologies

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

National Research Council of Canada

Action

Invest in green infrastructure

Infrastructure Canada

Action

Invest in research, development and demonstration of clean technologies

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Deliver standardization strategies

Standards Council of Canada

Milestone

Demonstrate electric and hydrogen vehicle infrastructure

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Enable new and revised codes, standards and guidelines and decision support tools for climate-resilient infrastructure

National Research Council

Milestone

Growing business investment in research and development

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Milestone

Publish a Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage Strategy

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Publish national model codes

National Research Council

Milestone

Support research, development and demonstration of carbon capture, utilization and storage technologies

Natural Resources Canada

SDG 10: Reduced inequalities

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Taking action on inequality

Target

Between 2022 and 2026, continue to report on an annual basis to Canadians on access to clean drinking water in First Nations communities through Indigenous Services Canada’s departmental website as data becomes available

Minister of Indigenous Services

Action

Take action towards eliminating remaining long-term drinking water advisories on reserve

Indigenous Services Canada

Action

Collaborate and engage with Indigenous peoples

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Action

Implement the Disaggregated Data Action Plan to fill data and knowledge gaps on inequalities

Statistics Canada

Action

Return fuel charge proceeds equitably through Climate Action Incentive payments and other supports

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Department of Finance Canada

Action

Support entrepreneurship for Black and Indigenous communities

Indigenous Services Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Action

Support the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Milestone

Champion the role of Indigenous peoples in the Arctic Council

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Milestone

Collaborate with Indigenous peoples in fisheries management

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Milestone

Increase participation of Indigenous communities, organizations or governments in Canada’s data governance and knowledge economy

Natural Resources Canada

Milestone

Publish the National Pollutant Release Inventory Indigenous Series

Environment and Climate Change Canada

SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Public transit and active transportation

Target

By 2030, 22% of commuters use public transit or active transportation

Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities

Action

Invest in public transit and active transportation

Infrastructure Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

Milestone

Support the purchase of zero-emission buses

Infrastructure Canada

G reen spaces, cultural and natural heritage

Target

Establish a new National Urban Parks policy and designate national urban parks as part of a network, with a target of 15 new national urban parks by 2030

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

By 2026, maintain or increase the number of Canadians that get out into nature, relative to the 2018 to 2019 baseline

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

By March 31, 2022, increase annual visitation to the 10 national wildlife areas that are part of the Connecting Canadians to Nature Initiative by 25%, from a baseline of 220,050 in 2015 when the program was launched

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Action

Enhance visitor experience in parks and historic places

Parks Canada

Action

Promote access to green space, cultural and natural heritage

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

Parks Canada

National Battlefields Commission

National Capital Commission

Action

Promote public engagement in green spaces, parks and historic places

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Parks Canada

National Capital Commission

Action

Work with partners on conservation activities

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Parks Canada

Milestone

Maintain access to Battlefields Park

National Battlefields Commission

SDG 12: Responsible production and consumption

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Waste management

Target

Reduce the amount of waste Canadians send to disposal from a baseline of 699 kilograms per person in 2014 to 490 kilograms per person by 2030 (a 30% reduction); and to 350 kilograms per person by 2040 (a 50% reduction)

Minister of Environment and Climate Change (as federal lead in the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment)

Target

Plastic packaging in Canada contains at least 50% recycled content by 2030, where feasible

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

By 2032, reduce single-use plastics that are found in the environment, are not recycled, and have readily available alternatives (for example, checkout bags) entering the waste stream by 4% and entering the environment as pollution by 7%

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Action

Advance circular economy in Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Deliver efficient food systems

Agriculture and Agri-food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Research innovative solutions for plastics

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Transport Canada

Milestone

Monitor Canada’s ocean disposal sites

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Measure food loss and waste

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Use of mining waste to produce critical minerals

Natural Resources Canada

Zero-emission vehicles

Target

100% of new light-duty vehicle sales are required to be zero-emission vehicles by 2035, with an interim sales target of at least 50% by 2030

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Minister of Transport

Target

100% of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles sales are zero emission by 2040, where feasible

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Minister of Transport

Action

Develop regulations that support zero-emission vehicle sales

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Make zero-emission vehicles more affordable and improve supply

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Transport Canada

Action

Work with partners in the transportation sector

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Transport Canada

Milestone

Develop a strategy to decarbonize on-road freight

Transport Canada

SDG 13: Climate action

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Climate change adaptation and mitigation

Target

Achieve 40 to 45% greenhouse gas emission reductions below 2005 levels by 2030, and achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050

Minister of Environment and Climate Change - Supported by whole-of-government implementation

Target

Achieve a 25% reduction in national black carbon emissions by 2025, compared to 2013 levels

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Action

Implement the Canadian Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Implement Canada’s 2030 Emissions Reduction Plan

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Support natural climate solutions in Canada as part of the Strengthened Climate Plan

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Action

Continue to implement the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change

Environment and Climate Change Canada - Supported by whole-of-government implementation

Action

Continue to implement the Strengthened Climate Plan

Environment and Climate Change Canada - Supported by whole-of-government implementation

Action

Adopt an integrated climate lens for all federal decision making

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Establish a 2030 Emissions Reduction Plan

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Ensure a strengthened price on carbon pollution is in place in Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Implement evidence-based measures to protect health from extreme heat in health regions

Health Canada

Milestone

Release a national adaptation strategy for Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Federal leadership on greenhouse gas emissions reductions and climate resilience

Target

The Government of Canada will transition to net-zero carbon and climate-resilient operations by 2050

All ministers

Action

Implement the Greening Government Strategy through measures that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve climate resilience, and green the government’s overall operations

All federal organizations

Action

Apply a greenhouse gas reduction life-cycle cost analysis for major building retrofits

All federal organizations owning real property

Action

Assess and reduce risks posed by climate change to federal assets, services and operations

All federal organizations owning real property

Action

Modernize through net-zero carbon buildings

All federal organizations owning real property

Action

Purchase low-carbon intensity fuels for air and marine fleets

All federal organizations with significant air and marine fleets, specifically:

National Defence

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (Canadian Coast Guard)

Transport Canada

Action

Purchase zero emission vehicles

All federal organizations

Action

Strengthen green procurement criteria

All federal organizations

Milestone

Achieve total clean electricity use in federal real property

All federal organizations owning real property, and internationally where locally feasible

Milestone

Develop national safety and security operational fleet decarbonization plans

National Defence

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (Canadian Coast Guard)

Milestone

Develop a zero-carbon, climate-resilient office leasing federal portfolio

Public Service and Procurement Canada

Milestone

Identify and incorporate awareness of climate-change-related risks into federal planning

All federal organizations

Milestone

Reduce greenhouse gas emissions in federal real property and conventional fleet

All federal organizations owning real property and conventional fleets over 50 vehicles

Milestone

Transform the federal light-duty fleet

All federal organizations owning conventional fleets

SDG 14: Life below water

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Ocean protection and conservation

Target

Conserve 25% of marine and coastal areas by 2025, and 30% by 2030, from 13.8% recognized as conserved as of the end of 2020 in support of the commitment to work to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030 in Canada, and achieve a full recovery for nature by 2050

Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

Action

Build knowledge of coastal and marine ecosystems and marine protected areas

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

National Research Council Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Transport Canada

Action

Implement new protection standards in marine protected areas

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Protect and manage marine and coastal areas

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Transport Canada

Action

Reduce marine litter and support the Canada-wide Strategy on Zero Plastic Waste

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Action

Use legislation and regulations to protect coasts and oceans

Canada Border Services Agency

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Transport Canada

Action

Work with partners to protect and restore coastal and marine ecosystems

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Transport Canada

Milestone

Further develop Canada’s Ghost Gear Program

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Milestone

Patrol for marine spills

Transport Canada

Ocean sustainability

Target

By 2026, at least 55% of Canada’s key fish stocks are in the Cautious and Healthy zone

Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and Canadian Coast Guard

Action

Build knowledge to support sustainable fisheries

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Action

Implement policies for sustainable fisheries

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Action

Support the recovery and protection of Canada’s endangered whales

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Transport Canada

Milestone

Regulating fish stocks provisions

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Milestone

Implement the Sustainable Fisheries Framework

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

SDG 15: Life on land

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Conservation of land and fresh water

Target

Conserve 25% of Canada’s land and inland waters by 2025, working toward 30% by 2030, from 12.5% recognized as conserved as of the end of 2020 in support of the commitment to work to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030 in Canada, and achieve a full recovery for nature by 2050

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

Establish 10 new national parks and 10 new national marine conservation areas (NMCAs) in the next 5 years, working with Indigenous communities on co-management agreements for these national parks and NMCAs

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

Between 2023 and 2026, maintain Canada’s annual timber harvest at or below sustainable wood supply levels

Minister of Natural Resources

Action

Better understand lands and forests

Environment and Climate Change Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Conserve natural spaces

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Parks Canada

Action

Promote participation in Canada’s forest sector and support the transition to a sustainable economy

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Work with domestic and international partners

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Action

Work with Indigenous peoples

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Parks Canada

Milestone

Designate ecological corridors

Parks Canada

Milestone

Establish new protected areas

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Finalize Nature Agreements

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Make progress on Canada’s commitment to area-based conservation

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Species protection and recovery

Target

By 2026, increase the percentage of species at risk listed under federal law that exhibit population trends that are consistent with recovery strategies and management plans to 60%, from a baseline of 42% in 2019

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

Target

By 2026, maintain or improve the proportion of species that are ranked as secure remain secure or apparently secure from a baseline of 80% in 2015

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

By 2030, increase the percentage of migratory bird species whose populations sizes fall within an acceptable range—neither too low nor too high— to 70% from a baseline of 57% in 2016

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

By 2030, Indigenous peoples participate in 90% of migratory bird monitoring and research projects

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Action

Deliver enhanced conservation action

Environment and Climate Change Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

Parks Canada

Action

Develop a pan-Canadian approach to wildlife health with partners

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Enhance foundational knowledge of species, habitats and ecosystems with partners

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Parks Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Establish a principle of no net loss of biodiversity

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Implement, innovate and modernize the regulatory and policy framework and tools to protect species at risk, other fish and fish habitat and migratory birds

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Action

Implement the aquatic and terrestrial pan-Canadian approaches to transforming species at risk conservation in Canada with partners

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Parks Canada

Action

Prevent, detect, and respond to, control and manage invasive alien species

Canada Border Services Agency

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Action

Uphold international commitments related to wildlife

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Action

Work with partners to implement and modernize technology for monitoring international wildlife trade to better detect invasive alien species, vectors of diseases and endangered species at Canada’s international borders

Canada Border Services Agency

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Collaborating on protection and recovery actions for terrestrial species at risk

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Parks Canada

Milestone

Develop and implement a no net loss policy framework

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Develop conservation action plans

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Enhancing protection and recovery actions for aquatic species at risk

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Parks Canada

Milestone

Increase the proportion of listed bird species

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Milestone

Monitor invasive alien species

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Milestone

Partnering with provinces and territories

Environment and Climate Change Canada

SDG 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

Effective institutions for promoting compliance with environmental laws and delivering high-quality impact assessments

Target

By 2026, maintain the annual percentage of non-compliance with environmental and wildlife laws and regulations that are addressed by enforcement action at 70%

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target

By March 31, 2026, restore and/or enhance a total of 5,000 hectares of natural environment through Environmental Damages Fund projects, from a baseline of 568 hectares in 2018

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Action

Strengthen monitoring and enforcement through innovation

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Implement monitoring, inspection and enforcement activities

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Transport Canada

Action

Use a risk-based approach to enforcement

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Action

Foster research to support the implementation of the Impact Assessment Act

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Action

Meaningfully consult and accommodate Indigenous peoples and consider Indigenous Knowledge in impact assessment processes

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Action

Provide the public and Indigenous peoples with a voice in impact assessment processes

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

Action

Support fair and predictable impact assessments

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Health Canada

Milestone

Minimize the adverse effects of projects through impact assessments

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Milestone

Promote evidence-based decision making that considers public and Indigenous community input, including Indigenous Knowledge

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals

FSDS component

Title

Responsible organization(s)

E nviro nmental partnerships

Target

Implement Canada’s climate finance commitment of $5.3 billion over 5 years, with at least 40% of funding going toward climate adaptation and at least 20% to projects that leverage nature-based climate solutions and projects that contribute biodiversity co-benefits

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Action

Increase support to and help build capacity in developing countries to adapt to and mitigate climate change

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Global Affairs Canada

Action

Promote environmental protection in trade agreements and other engagement mechanisms

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Global Affairs Canada

Action

Work with partners to monitor and protect our ecosystems from space

Canadian Space Agency

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Action

Work with partners to support a clean energy transition

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Global Affairs Canada

Milestone

Engage with priority countries and regions

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Annex 4: Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are by design integrated and indivisible and balance the 3 dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental. Building integrated strategies and policies that create connections between the different goals helps to ensure the economy can grow, society can develop, and the environment can be protected all at the same time.

The SDGs are mutually reinforcing. For example, dealing with the threat of climate change impacts how fragile natural resources are managed and used, and achieving food security and improved health outcomes can help to eradicate poverty, reduce inequalities and eliminate barriers to economic growth and social development.

Every goal in the draft 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy supports progress on multiple SDGs and helps to advance Canada’s implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

FSDS Chapters

Other supported SDGs

Chapter 1: Support Canadians’ preparedness for natural disasters and emergencies

SDG 3

SDG 6

SDG 9

SDG 11

SDG 13

Chapter 2: Ensure Canadians can access safe and healthy food

SDG 1

SDG 3

SDG 6

SDG 12

SDG 13

SDG 14

SDG 15

Chapter 3: Protect Canadians from air pollution and harmful substances

SDG 6

SDG 11

SDG 12

SDG 13

SDG 14

SDG 15

Chapter 4: Publicize research, knowledge and data for sustainable development

SDG 1

SDG 5

SDG 8

SDG 12

SDG 13

Chapter 5: Support Canadian women’s participation in the environmental and clean technology sector

All other SDGs

Chapter 6: Ensure clean and safe water for all Canadians

SDG 2

SDG 3

SDG 12

SDG 14

SDG 15

SDG 17

Chapter 7: Help Canadians have access to clean energy

SDG 9

SDG 12

SDG 13

Chapter 8: Encourage inclusive and sustainable economic growth in Canada

SDG 5

SDG 7

SDG 9

SDG 11

SDG 13

SDG 17

Chapter 9: Foster innovation and support green infrastructure in Canada

SDG 1

SDG 7

SDG 8

SDG 11

SDG 12

SDG 13

SDG 15

Chapter 10: Advance reconciliation with Indigenous peoples and take action to reduce inequality

All other SDGs

Chapter 11: Improve access to transportation, parks, and green spaces, as well as support cultural heritage in Canada

SDG 1

SDG 3

SDG 9

SDG 13

SDG 15

Chapter 12: Support Canadians in reducing waste, and transitioning to zero-emission vehicles

SDG 2

SDG 3

SDG 4

SDG 8

SDG 9

SDG 11

SDG 13

SDG 14

Chapter 13: Take action on climate change and its impacts

SDG 1

SDG 2

SDG 3

SDG 7

SDG 8

SDG 9

SDG 11

SDG 12

SDG 14

SDG 15

Chapter 14: Conserve and protect Canada’s oceans

SDG 2

SDG 6

SDG 8

SDG 13

SDG 15

Chapter 15: Protect and recover species, conserve Canadian biodiversity

SDG 2

SDG 3

SDG 6

SDG 9

SDG 11

SDG 12

SDG 13

SDG 14

Chapter 16: Enforce environmental laws, manage impacts, and evaluate sustainable development activities

All other SDGs

Chapter 17: Strengthen partnerships to promote global action on climate change and sustainable development

All other SDGs

Strengthening transparency and accountability